Second day amongst the five days bandwagon of religious rituals is known as chhoti Diwali. It is known by its another name also. That is Narkachaudas. Chaudas is the fourteenth lunar day of krishan paksh of Kartik month as per Hindu celender. As per its name narkachaudas. The general meaning of this word is taken that on this day all the clutter and junk should be cleaned from houses. Means the final touch to cleanliness of houses and business premises is given on that day. Therefore houses and shops are decorated with mango tree leaves and flowers. Beautiful rangolies are prepared in front of main doors in the welcome of Maa Luxmi. Symbolic luxmi feet are printed on the floor with rice powder and water mixture just starting from the main gate of the house to the worship place with an imagination as godess luxmi entering from main gate of the house has reached to the worship place.For Diwali Poojan worship place is also prepared and decorated in a quite different way.On a West or South facing wall , first of all a portion measuring two by two feet at least is washed and painted with cow gobar. As it goes dry it is further painted with rice powder and water. Finally paintings of Maa luxmi and Ganesha are painted with red coloured clay called geru in local language.And earthern lamps are lightened to welcome maa Luxmi and god ganesha .The god of wealth and prosperity. In other words the choti diwali is a reharsel of main Diwali.As it is celebrated on a much lower scale hence called the Chhoti Diwali / Narkachaturdashi / Roop Chaturdashi.
Narkchturdashi is associated with the assassination of Narkasur. And devil named Narkasur. He is told to be the king of a province in south Nepal-the Pragjotishpur.. He was so much empowered after defeating Indra the god heaven that he imprisoned deities girls and these were sixteen thousands in counting. It is told that Narkasur was having a blessing that he would only be killed by a woman .Hence Lord Krishna took Satyabhama with him as his charioteer. In this way Satyabhama entered the battle field. During the was Krishna swooned for a while, empowered Satyabhama and Narkasur was beheaded. Lord Krishna smeared his head with the blood of devil Narkasur and returned early in the morning of said chaturdashi to his kingdom. Lord Krishna was given an oil massage in order to remove filth and dirt of battlefield.Since than the tradition of taking an oil bath early in the morning of Karkchaturdashi is in customs.one more interesting episode in this story is there. That the mother of Narkasur declared that the death's day of his son may not be celebrated as a mourning day rather it should be celebrated as a day of joy. Reason being chhoti diwali is celebrated with great enthusiasm.
As India is a country of different cultures. Thus festivals are also celebrated in different ways in different states of India. In south India the victory of Lord Krishna over Narkasur is celebrated in a very symbolic way. People there prepare a pasted mixing kumkum in oil and then break a bitter fruit .This bitter fruit denotes to the head of Narkasur. After breaking this bitter fruit they apply the pre-prepared mixture of kumkum and oil on their foreheads. This oil mixed kumkum denotes to the blood of Narkasur. Then they take a good bath with sandal soap.In other part of India in Maharastra people use to wakeup early and have ubtan first and then take bath in order to get an extra cleaned body for the worship of godess luxmi.In utter Pradesh people use to get early. Wash all their clothes, bed sheets etc. Wash all their dishweres,utenciles and even houses. Then they get head bath and after that they have a good bath after using fragrant soaps and ubtans. Preparing themselves ready for the pooja of maa luxmi.
From all the above stories one and the same massage has come out, whether it was the story of Narkasur, of king Bali, of Lord Rama ,of Krishna of of any other that good always have victory of bad .And victory over evil is always celebrated with a great enthusiasm and joy. In defeating evil whole India becomes one.